Sociology Education and Religion Population & Urbanization Questions

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Read through the following questions and answer one of them in your journal.

1. How do functionalists view education? Define manifest functions, latent functions, cultural transmission of values, inclusion, social placement, gatekeeping, and tracking.

2. Discuss the conflict perspective of education, defining hidden curriculum, biased IQ testing, unequal funding, and the role of family background.

3 Define credential societies. Compare and contrast education in the most industrialized societies, industrializing societies, and the least industrialized societies.

4. List and discuss at least two factors that contribute to mediocrity in American education, defining grade inflation, social promotion, and functional illiteracy. What can be done to improve the quality of U.S. education?

5. List and discuss the three elements of religion, according to Durkheim. Define church, religion, sacred and profane, using his theoretical perspective.

6. Discuss the functions and dysfunctions of religion, according to functional theorists.

7. Discuss Max Weber’s analysis of the relationship between capitalism and religion, defining the Protestant Ethic. Do you believe the Protestant Ethic is operational in the U.S. today? Why or why not?

8. Define, compare and contrast cults (defining cult, charismatic leaders, and charisma), sects, churches, and ecclesia, providing at least one example of each.

Read through the following questions and answer one of them in your journal. Your answer should be complete, and must be written in standard, grammatically correct English.

1. Define demography and discuss Malthusian theory. Summarize the arguments of the new Malthusians, defining exponential growth curve. Summarize the arguments of the anti-Malthusians, defining demographic transition and population shrinkage. Which theory do you believe is most accurate? Why?

2. List and discuss the three demographic variables, defining fertility rate, fecundity, crude death rate, and net migration rate.

3 Define and discuss the process of urbanization, defining city, metropolis, megalopolis, megacity, and megaregion, providing at least one example of each.

4. Discuss U.S. urbanization, defining metropolitan statistical area (MSAs), edge cities, gentrification, suburbanization, and suburbs, providing at least one example of each.

5. Define human ecology and the invasion-succession cycle. Summarize the Concentric Zone, Sector, Multiple-Nuclei, and Peripheral models of urban growth. Select one of the models and explain how it can be used to understand the structure of Pittsburgh.

6. Describe the five types of people who live in the city, according to Herbert Gans.

7. Define redlining, disinvestment, and deindustrialization, and discuss how they have contributed to urban decline. Define urban renewal and enterprise zones and discuss how they may contribute to urban revitalization.

8. Define public sociology and discuss the three principles suggested by William Flanagan which should guide it.

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